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Two Types of Achilles Tendon Injuries

The function of the Achilles tendon is to connect the calf muscles to the heel, and there are two common types of Achilles tendon injuries. Small tears that develop in the tendon from overuse are classified as Achilles tendinopathy and may also be referred to as Achilles tendonitis. If a complete tear occurs, it can indicate an Achilles tendon rupture which is often accompanied by intense pain and discomfort. The latter type of injury is caused by a sudden motion that puts stress on the calf muscle, such as twisting during an intense activity. People who enjoy participating in running and jumping activities can experience an Achilles tendon rupture, and many methods can be implemented can help to prevent this. Achilles tendinopathy can happen gradually from pushing off, or from stop and go motions. Resting the foot and stopping the activity that caused the injury is often the beginning of treatment. If you have either type of injury, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you to manage the condition.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Mack Jay Groves IV, DPM of Practice. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Covington, LA . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What are Achilles Tendon Injuries

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